Staining Furniture 101 Part Two

#2 - Water base stains contain pigment(s), resin, and water.

This series will answer some questions, save a few from mistakes, and offer some good information on a subject most furniture painters love to hate...staining furniture!

There are 3 types of pigmented stains and each comes in multiple colors that range from the replicating of a wood's natural hue to vibrant deep blues/greens, yellows/reds and everything between including black and white in varying shades.

**Water base stains contain pigment(s), resin, and water.

Typical dry time/time between coats: 2-4 hours*

Cure time: 2 days *

Pre-Stain Conditioning: Any water based/oil modified pre-stain conditioner. There are many on the market. Depending on the wood's density, I usually use one coat; two on pine and birch (soft woods) and woods or pieces greater than 100+yrs. You should allow 20-30 minutes between coats.

I generally stain within an hour after final coat of sealer/conditioner.

Best application methods: foam sponge or brush, natural or synthetic brush, cotton stain pads, lint free cotton rags

Mix: Can be mixed with water based pigment powders and other water based stains.

Tint: Tinting of sealer/top coat can be achieved by mixing 50/50 stain and water, then adding to sealer or top coat.

Thinning: Can be thinned with water to desired opacity.

Clean up: Soap and water

Sealer/Top Coat: Any water based sealer/top coat after minimum of 3 hours dry time*, gels, urethanes, and oil based top coats can be used but only after fully cured 2 days*. I use a sponge for application - no brush strokes.

*Temperature and moisture does impact.

A bit of me…

“You did what?!?” That’s usually what I hear when running into long missed friends, former business associates and acquaintances and explain that I actually did it; I left behind the success of the corporate world of finance to pursue my passion for antiques and have not looked back since.

The restoration of antique furniture has been a love of mine for decades now, and over the years, it has grown from a word of mouth hobby to an exciting and growing business! I’ve ventured into other areas of furniture of design and construction, wood working and painting. By no means am I the artist some are when it comes to decorative painting but there are so many who have graciously shared their talents and because of that, I’ve been able to add another medium of restoration. Like those wonderful finish artists, I’m an avid teacher and believe that knowledge is meant to be shared freely and by empowering others, you receive gifts that are immeasurable!

I now offer a full range of design and upholstery as well as custom surface and decorative finishes such as painting and European plaster techniques for homes and furniture and of course, my passion for the restoration of all things historic!

On a personal note, I’m wife to a beautiful and supportive husband (and should probably add very patient!), mom of three who are grown and of three fur-babies and they are all where my heart is made whole.

Peace and Joy,


Baciato Refinishing

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